Addition and Subtraction rules for the diet of the elderly

“Addition and Subtraction” rules for the diet of the elderly

At present, there are 2.6 million elderly people over the age of 60 in Shanghai. 21 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have become old-age regions.
The community is very concerned about the health of the elderly, including their diet, and the elderly are more concerned about it.
  The physiological changes characteristic of the elderly The basal metabolism will gradually decrease, and the energy required will be less than that in the middle age.
Degenerative changes in various organs and tissues in the body: the weight of internal organs is continuously reduced; protein synthesis is reduced; muscle mass is gradually reduced; and adipose tissue and fibrotic tissue are increasing.
Cardiac function index, glomerular filtration rate, maximum lung ventilation per minute, and decreased lung capacity showed poor function of various vital organs.
  The sensory organs are degraded, the taste buds of the tongue are reduced, and the response to sweet, salty and other tastes is slow, which is why the elderly often complain about the deterioration of food quality.
Defective teeth or dentures are not suitable, which makes the chewing function worse, affects the digestion and absorption of food, and is prone to indigestion and malnutrition.
Gastric acid secretion is reduced, and the surface area of the intestinal mucosa and the height of the villi are also reduced with age, resulting in a decrease in the digestion and absorption rate of various nutrients.
The reduction of immune function makes the elderly susceptible to infection by various pathogenic microorganisms and is more sensitive to carcinogens.
  After retirement, most people’s social activities are reduced, their physical exertion is reduced, their reactions tend to be inflexible, and various actions are slow.
Detailed and comprehensive guidance Ingest a sufficient amount of high-quality protein, appropriate amount of carbohydrates, fish, seafood, milk, algae, vegetables and fruits, and properly limit fat, especially animal fat.
At the same time, you should participate in activities that are appropriate to your physical condition, have a regular life, maintain a good mentality, and be treated appropriately if you are sick.
The appropriate dietary intake per day is: 200-250 grams of grain, 50-100 grams of lean meat, poultry, fish, 40-50 grams of eggs, 30-50 grams of soy products, 200 ml of milk, 250-300 of vegetables.Gram, fruit 100-200 grams, 25 grams of edible oil.
  + Proteins The amount of protein synthesis in the elderly is reduced, so the total protein intake cannot be lower than that of adults.
You should take 1-1 per kilogram of body weight per day.
5 grams of protein.
The gastrointestinal function of the elderly is worse than that of adults. The quality of protein intake should be better than that of adults. It is advisable to eat more high-quality protein such as fish, chicken, lean meat, soy products and milk.
  - Fat The total amount of fat consumed by the elderly every day is 50 grams, of which the edible oil does not exceed 25 grams.
Do not eat the same type of fat, such as eating too much lard, cream and other saturated fatty acids and high cholesterol containing animal internal organs, caviar, etc., easy to aggravate arteriosclerosis.
Marine fish in animals, because the fatty acids contained in them are unsaturated fatty acids that are easily used by the elderly, should be eaten as appropriate.
  + Dietary fiber Vegetables, fruits and beans are good sources of dietary fiber.
The old man’s chewing function is poor. Choose soy milk, tofu, dried bean curd and other soy products instead of blunt soybeans.
– Sweets The energy consumed from food should be 60%-70% of the total energy.
Some coarse grains can be eaten properly to promote bowel movements and prevent constipation.
Excessive sweets should be avoided to avoid poor appetite.
+ Water The right amount of water is good for the excretory function of the kidneys and prevents the formation of stones.
The daily intake of water for the elderly is about 2000 ml (including the moisture in the food).
  The Five Principles of Diet for the Elderly + Foods are more fresh and have a color, aroma, taste and shape than young people to increase appetite.
– Cut as much as possible, chop the food and cook it, eat less or not eat food that is not easy to digest.
+ Eat high-protein, high-fiber, low-fat foods.
Eat more vegetables and fruits to prevent flatulence and constipation.
Drinking more water is conducive to the discharge of toxic waste.
– Eat less meals can reduce the burden on the gastrointestinal tract, delay the digestive tract dysfunction, and is also conducive to digestion and absorption.
– Try not to use laxatives to avoid affecting the absorption of nutrients.

9 points to pay attention to breakfast drinking soy milk

9 points to pay attention to breakfast drinking soy milk

Since soy milk is made of soybeans, and soybeans contain high glutinous rice and are cold food diets, it is not suitable for taking cold soy milk with symptoms of gout, fatigue, physical weakness, mental fatigue and other symptoms.

  Soymilk is rich in nutrients and everyone likes to drink.

But breakfast to drink soy milk needs to pay attention to the following 9 points: 1, the nature of soy milk is cold, indigestion, hernia and kidney function is not good, it is best to drink less soy milk.

Since soy milk is made of soybeans, and soybeans contain high glutinous rice and are cold foods, so those with symptoms of gout, fatigue, physical weakness, mental fatigue and other symptoms should not drink soy milk.

  In addition, soy milk can produce gas under the action of enzymes, so people with bloating and diarrhea should not drink soy milk.

In addition, acute gastritis and chronic superficial gastritis should not be eaten soy products, so as not to stimulate the excessive secretion of gastric acid to aggravate the condition, or cause discomfort.

  2, often drink soy milk pay attention to zinc, beans contain inhibitors, saponins and lectins, these are bad substances for the human body.

The best way to deal with this is to cook the soy milk. People who have been eating soy milk for a long time should not forget to add trace element zinc.

  3, soy milk must not be taken with antibiotics such as erythromycin, because it will decompose and resist chemical reactions twice, the interval between drinking soy milk and taking antibiotics is preferably more than 1 hour.

  4, avoid boiled thoroughly: because raw soy milk contains saponin, trace protease inhibitors and other harmful substances, can be interchanged without cooking, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms of poisoning.

Soymilk must not only be boiled, but also must be opened when cooking soymilk, because only the open lid can make the harmful substances in the soy milk convert to volatilization.

  5, avoid rushing into the egg: because the sticky protein (egg white) in the egg will combine with the trypsin in the soy milk to produce substances that are not easily absorbed by the body, so that the egg and soy milk lose the nutritional value of the body.

  6, fasting drink soy milk: it is best not to let the baby drink soy milk on an empty stomach, the protein in the soy milk will be converted into transformation in the human body and digested, the nutrients can not be fully absorbed by the baby.

  7, avoid brown sugar: brown sugar organic acid crystals, such as acetic acid, lactic acid, etc., they can be combined with protein and calcium in soy milk, resulting in denatured and calcium acetate, calcium lactate and other bulk, which is completely detrimental to soy milkNutritional value, but also affect the absorption of nutrients contained in soy milk.

  8, bogey and medicine with the drink: some drugs such as erythromycin and other antibiotics will destroy the nutrients in the soy milk, and even produce side effects, endangering health.

  9, avoid using a thermos bottle to store soy milk: put the soy milk in the thermos bottle, replace the bacteria in the bottle under the conditions of appropriate temperature, 3?
After 4 hours, the soy milk will be spoiled.

In autumn and winter, women should not forget this!

In autumn and winter, women should not forget this!

The double eleven pairs of twelve shopping festivals are coming, is your family’s foot bath barrel good?

Don’t misunderstand, the article is not to buy a foot bath in Amway, but to remind you that you should not forget to soak your feet.

The weather is dry every day, the temperature is low every day, people are lacking, so use hot water bubble feet, both to relieve fatigue and help sleep.

Women are usually easy to cold hands and feet, hot water soaked feet can change the local blood circulation, drive out the cold, promote the body’s metabolism, and ultimately achieve the purpose of health care.

The foot bath time should not be too long, it is best to control within 30 minutes, 20 minutes is appropriate, after the end of the foot bath, it is best to use emollient products to keep the skin a certain amount of moisture.

The water temperature of the foot bath should not be too high, so as to increase the blood supply burden of important organs such as heart, brain and kidney, which is not good for the body.

In the choice of bathing time, it is necessary to avoid soaking feet in the state of fullness, excess or eating. Soaking your feet immediately after eating will affect digestion and absorption. In the long run, it will lead to lack of nutrition, so it is best to take one hour after meal.After soaking feet.

After you have finished your feet, you should not be able to sleep immediately. After the body heat is slowly lowered, you will get better after going to sleep.

Obviously, the menstrual period of women is complicated. It is not recommended to use traditional Chinese medicine to soak feet. You should listen to the doctor’s advice. In addition, women in pregnancy should not soak their feet.

91 health assistants, more than health content, more learning reference, if you need to solve specific problems, it is recommended that you consult professional medical institutions in detail.

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